It was reared in our laboratory as the standard susceptible strain in this study. The diamondback moth plutella xylostella, sometimes called the cabbage moth, is a moth. Plutellidae, is one of the most destructive cosmopolitan insect pests of brassicaceous crops. A manual of the insects of the hawaiian islands, including enumeration of the species and notes. Immune responses are important for interactions between insects and pathogens. We have investigated the effects of pheromone dispenser design, pheromone release rate, and the products of z1116. Variasi kebugaran jenisstrain trichogramma pada telur. Management of diamond back moth plutella xylostella linn on cabbage 1. Bioefficacy of bacillus thuringiensis isolates crude protein.
Ald decomposition on the attractiveness of the pheromone blend z11hexadecenyl acetate, z11hexadecenal, and z11hexadecen1ol in traps to plutella xylostella males. Spread and global population structure of the diamondback moth. We investigated the preferences and performance of p. Immune responses are important for interactions between insects and pathogens and information on these underpins the development of strategies for biocontrolbased pest. Not in key other noctuoidea other crambidae other pyralidae other tortricidae other gelechioidea other superfamilies larval origin africa x x x x x x x x. This page was last edited on 25 november 2014, at 01. The diamondback moth plutella xylostella, sometimes called the cabbage moth, is a moth species of the family plutellidae and genus plutella. Keys about fact sheets glossary larval morphology references. Migration of diamondback moth, plutella xylostella, across the bohai sea in northern china article pdf available in crop protection 64. A diamondback moth colony derived from field population in the.
Furlong, michael john and asgari, sassan 2010 effects of an ascovirus hvav3e on diamondback moth, plutella xylostella, and evidence for virus transmission by a. Diamondback moth plutella xylostella linnaeus, 1758 wingspan 15 mm. It is about 6 mm long, and marked with a broad cream or light brown band along the back. Plutellidae is one of the most important insect pests, preferentially feeding on cruciferous plants. Noctuidae crambidae pyralidae tortricidae gelechiidae. Toxicity evaluation showed that it was a deltamethrinsusceptible strain ld 50 0.
Effects of an ascovirus hvav3e on diamondback moth, plutella xylostella, and evidence for virus transmission by a larval parasitoid. Plutella xylostella plutmaoverview eppo global database. Preference and performance of plutella xylostella l. Issn 23472677 biology of diamondback moth, plutella. Microbial control of diamondback moth, plutella xylostella l. Plutella xylostella diamondback moth linnaeus, 1758 wingspan. New records of natural enemies of plutella xylostella l. Biology of diamondback moth, plutella xylostella l inn. Resembling a large and more brightlycoloured plutella xylostella, this rather scarce species is found locally in scattered locations from northern england to the highlands of scotland and parts of ireland.
Plutellidae, is a cosmopolitan insect pest of brassica crops. Seasonal abundance of the parasitoid complex associated with the diamondback moth, plutella xylostella lepidoptera. Diamondback moth, plutella xylostella linnaeus insecta. Rubber minidispensers k50 were shown to have an active exposure time of at least two months and in. Plutellidae, is an important insect pest of canola, brassica napus l. The diamondback moth, plutella xylostella linnaeus lepidoptera. Mortality of plutella xylostella lepidoptera, plutellidae scielo. In south africa, there are no action thresholds for its chemical control which makes it difficult for growers to make informed decisions on. Detailed biology of diamondback moth can be found in marsh 1917 and harcourt 1955, 1957, 1963. Diamondback moth plutella xylostella linnaeus, 1758. The adult is a small, slender, grayishbrown moth with pronounced antennae. Larval diagnosis detailed according to moriuti 1977. Plutellidae is one of the most destructive insects of cruciferous plants throughout the world.
Plutella xylostella diamondback moth wiley online library. Bacillus thuringiensis bt crude protein on diamond back moth plutella xylostella. General information about plutella xylostella plutma name language. Biological control of the diamondback moth, plutella xylostella. Plutella dudiosalla moriuti, 1977 the diamondback moth plutella xylostella, sometimes called the cabbage moth, is a moth species of the family plutellidae and genus plutella. Its believed that the species may have originated in europe, south africa, or the mediterranean region, but it has now spread worldwide. Pupa of the diamondback moth, plutella xylostella linnaeus. Plutellidae laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate fitness traits of trichogrammatid speciesstrains reared on eggs of the diamondback moth, plutella xylostella l. Agentomology department of entomology sam higginbottom institute of agriculture technology and science, allahabad211007.
Efficacy of three newly developed botanical insecticides. The impact of parasitoids on plutella xylostella populations. The origins of infestations of diamondback moth, plutella. Spread and global population structure of the diamondback moth plutella xylostella lepidoptera. Jul 23, 2010 the diamondback moth, plutella xylostella l. Biology, plutella xylostella, brassica crops, larval instars 1.
Nov 15, 2011 essential oils and fractions were evaluated for insecticidal activities against second instars of the diamondback moth, plutella xylostella l. A survey of the world literature was published by talekar et al. The estimated average control cost for dbm is greater than one billion dollars per year talekar 1992, haseeb et al 2004. Plutellidae 2 pupa pupation occurs in a loose silk cocoon, usually formed on the lower or outer leaves. It was reared in our laboratory as the standard susceptible strain in this. The diamondback moth dbm, plutella xylostella, lepidoptera. Biology of diamondback moth, plutella xylostella was studied under protected natural and laboratory condition on mustard crop. Plutellidae plutella xylostella nonrep lycaenidae strymon spp.
Yponomeutidae, is an important and cosmopolitan pest of cruciferous crops harcourt 1962. Plutellidae, is an important pest of brassicaceous crops e. The diamondback moth dbm, plutella xylostella lin naeus, 1758 lepidoptera, plutellidae, is a cosmopolitan pest of wild and cultivated brassicaceae. Diamondback moth, plutella xylostella although there are no instances of insects developing resistance to bt transgenic plants in the field, diamondback moth,p. Contact individual photographers for permission to use for any purpose. Crude protein from thirteen bt isolates was extracted and used at different concentrations viz. For instance, oxitecs gmo but not gene drive diamond back moth plutella xylostella, already planned for experimental releases in new york state, contains dna from several viral pathogens including herpes simplex virus hsv 10. Abstract parasitoids as well as many of their herbivorous hosts, depend on carbohydrate. Several synthetic insecticides besides botanical and. Bioefficacy of bacillus thuringiensis isolates crude. Plutellidae causes economic damage to cabbage, cauliflower and mustard in india and the cultivation of cauliflower as a seed crop is hampered by the heavy incidence of p. Oviposition site preference of plutella xylostella l. All samples showed promising larvicidal activity against larvae of p.
Sometimes many thousands can appear during the night at coastal migration watchpoints. Host plant resistance is an essential component of integrated management of p. A manual of the insects of the hawaiian islands, including enumeration of the species and notes on their origin, distribution, hosts, parasites, etc. Cloning and characterization of ubiquitin ribosome fusion. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The pentane fraction was the most toxic with a lc 50 value of 287. Credit seminar on management of diamond back moth plutella xylostella linn on cabbage, brassica oleracea l. Rubber minidispensers k50 were shown to have an active exposure time of at least two months and. Agentomology department of entomology sam higginbottom institute of agriculture technology and science. Adult diamondback moth, plutella xylostella linnaeus. A major reason for the success of this pest is its remarkable ability to evolve insecticidal resistance cheng 1988.
This tiny moth is wellknown for its migratory tendencies. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Management of diamond back moth plutella xylostella linn. You will be redirected to the full text document in the repository in a few seconds, if not click here.
Chemical composition and larvicidal activities of the. A young plutella xylostella larva feeds on a cabbage leaf. It has displayed an ability to develop resistance to most insecticides rapidly due to a range of biochemical and behavioral factors. The small, grayishbrown moth sometimes has a creamcolored band that forms a diamond along its back. Dbm damage has been recorded in every country producing crucifers, and it is thought to be the worlds most widespread lepidopteran insects. Indian journal of biotechnology vol 4, january 2005, pp. Optimization of pheromone dispensers for diamondback moth. Associate professor michael furlong uq researchers. Variasi kebugaran jenisstrain trichogramma pada telur plutella xylostella l. About diamondback moth adult moths are nocturnal, 8mm in length, greybrown, long and thin in shape with diamond markings on their backs. Intensive insecticide use continues to be the primary method of control against p. Reddy g v p, tabone e, smith m t 2004 mediation of host selection and oviposition behavior in the diamondback moth plutella xylostella and its predator chrysoperla carnea by chemical cues from cole crops.
Rhigognostis incarnatella steudel, 1873 wingspan 1721 mm. Pdf migration of diamondback moth, plutella xylostella. Pdf sublethal effects of indoxacarb on the diamondback. A wellknown immigrant species, numbers fluctuate from year to year but it is usually common and sometimes extremely abundant. Survival and behavior of plutella xylostella larvae on cabbages with. The band is sometimes constricted to form one or more light. Microbial control of diamondback moth, plutella xylostella.
Species account for plutella xylostella lepidoptera. Plutella xylostella diamondback moth and its parasitoid. Pdf sublethal effects of indoxacarb on the diamondback moth. Yponomeutidae article pdf available in applied entomology and zoology 461 february 2011 with. Occurrence of a granulosis virus from two populations of. The population parameters of the diamondback moth, plutella xylostella l. Sublethal effects of indoxacarb on the diamondback moth, plutella xylostella l. They often migrate to this country in large numbers from. Insecticides for control of the diamondback moth, plutella. Whether genes from viral pathogens can ever be safely inserted and used in other organisms is assuredly an. Nov 24, 2016 management of diamond back moth plutella xylostella linn on cabbage 1. Yponomeutidae using bacteria xenorhabdus nematophila and its metabolites from the entomopathogenic nematode steinernema carpocapsae. The management of diamondback moth and other crucifer pests proceedings of the 4th international workshop, nov.707 998 391 123 188 1033 332 609 406 432 1175 720 636 822 1132 1108 435 63 326 810 1127 848 1206 1191 377 820 59 1133 1018 679 920 1483 950 415 1184 1038 614